This database includes IARC Scientific papers which have a complete bibliographic citation. Database updates are released on a monthly basis and are provided by the IARC Library.
Fusconi E., Pala V., Riboli E., Vineis P., Sacerdote C., Del Pezzo M., Santucci de Magistris M., Palli D., Masala G., Sieri S., Foggetti C.E., Giurdanella M.C., Tumino R., Krogh V.Tumori; 2003; 89(6): 624-635
Abstract as provided by PubMed
Fatty acid levels in plasma phospholipids were related to food intake over the previous year as estimated by semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires compiled by 280 men and 246 women from the EPIC centers of Varese, Turin, Florence and Ragusa (Italy). Fatty acid content was determined by gas chromatography and analyzed in relation to age, sex and center. The most important finding was that plasma monounsaturated fatty acid levels, mainly oleic acid, were associated with olive oil consumption (r = 0.28 men, r = 0.19 women, both P <0.01). To our knowledge, this is the first time that these non-essential plasma fatty acids have been related to their dietary source in a population eating a varied and freely chosen diet. We confirmed that long-chain n-3 fatty acids in plasma phospholipids are associated with fish consumption and that odd chain 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 fatty acid levels are associated with dairy products and pizza-with-mozzarella consumption. N-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels reflected dietary intake of seed oils, mayonnaise and biscuits. Alcohol intake was positively associated with palmitic and palmitoleic acid and negatively associated with linoleic acid. These associations suggest indirect relations between alcohol consumption and other features of diet, and also that ethanol has an effect on fat metabolism. We found numerous indirect relationships (ie, not due to dietary consumption of food sources of the fatty acids) between plasma fatty acids and diet, which we propose as due to the influence of complex life-style factors
Linseisen J., Schulze M.B., Saadatian-Elahi M., Kroke A., Miller A.B., Boeing H.Ann Nutr Metab; 2003; 47(1): 37-46
Abstract as provided by PubMed
AIM: This evaluation aims to describe the quantity and quality of dietary fat, carbohydrate and fiber intake in both German cohorts participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). METHODS: Estimates are based on standardized computer-guided 24-hour dietary recalls from 1,078 women and 1,013 men in Heidelberg and 898 women and 1,032 men in Potsdam. In a subsample, plasma phospholipid (PL) fatty acids were analyzed as well. RESULTS: Adjusted mean dietary intake estimates demonstrated that the contribution of fat as well as n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to the total daily energy intake was higher in both women and men of EPIC-Potsdam compared to EPIC-Heidelberg. Surprisingly, the dietary n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio was lower in the Potsdam cohort. These results were confirmed by means of the PL fatty acid pattern. Besides the higher contribution of polysaccharides to total energy intake in EPIC-Heidelberg, women of the Heidelberg cohort revealed a significantly lower contribution of mono- and disaccharides (sucrose) to total energy intake. Although total fiber intake data were similar in both cohorts, analysis by food groups showed differences in dietary fiber intake originating from the food groups cereals, fruits and potatoes. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate distinct differences in the dietary fat, carbohydrate and fiber intake between both German EPIC cohorts, which contribute to the exposure variation in the whole of EPIC
Slimani N., Bingham S., Runswick S., Ferrari P., Day N.E., Welch A.A., Key T.J., Miller A.B., Boeing H., Sieri S., Veglia F., Palli D., Panico S., Tumino R., Bueno-de-Mesquita B., Ocke M.C., Clavel-Chapelon F., Trichopoulou A., van Staveren W.A., Riboli E.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2003; 12(8): 784-795