A new study by scientists from the Nutritional Methodology and Biostatistics Group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in collaboration with researchers from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study, found that pre-diagnostic healthy lifestyle habits almost halved the 10-year absolute risk of individuals aged 65 years who had been diagnosed with cancer subsequently developing cardiometabolic disease. The study was published in the journal BMC Medicine on 10 January 2020.
The researchers examined information from a large cohort of more than 290 000 adult participants from seven European countries. Incident multimorbidity of cancer and cardiometabolic diseases was defined as an individual developing at least two of the following diseases: a first cancer at any site, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes.
Favourable lifestyle habits were summarized in a healthy lifestyle index consisting of five components: body mass index, smoking status, alcohol intake, physical activity, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Pre-diagnostic healthy lifestyle habits were strongly inversely associated with incident multimorbidity of cancer and cardiometabolic diseases.
Freisling H, Viallon V, Lennon H, Bagnardi V, Ricci C, Butterworth AS, et al.
Lifestyle factors and risk of multimorbidity of cancer and cardiometabolic diseases: a multinational cohort study
BMC Medicine, Published online 10 January 2020;